Spectrum Family Eye Care

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  Hamilton - 905.575.3937
Burlington - 289.337.4444

What are Cataracts?

A cataract is a slow progressive clouding of the natural lens inside of the eye that can happen to anyone, at anytime, from birth to adulthood. It is true, however, that the majority of cataracts occur as a natural result of the aging process of the eye, with everyone having some mild form of cataract by the age of sixty five. Cataracts typically develop in both eyes at the same time, and rarely form in just one eye or the other. It is difficult for your eye doctor to predict how fast your cataract will progress, and when  you will need it removed. This varies depending on the health, lifestyle, and genetics of the individual. Cataracts are the leading cause of visual loss among adults 55 and older, and can have many different causes.

What causes Cataracts?

  • Aging is the most common cause.
  • High eye glass prescriptions.
  • Diabetes – especially if poorly controlled.
  • Medications – More commonly oral steroids, such as prednisone.
  • Trauma to the head or eye.
  • Birth- babies can be born with cataracts
  • Previous eye surgery.
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Excessive exposure to the suns ultraviolet rays or tanning beds without eye protection
  • Genetics- If your parents had cataracts at a younger age, you may also experience the same.

What are the Symptoms of a Cataract?

  • You require more light to read comfortably.
  • You are more sensitive to bright lights, especially at night.
  • You have difficulty driving at night and glare from oncoming headlights bothers you.
  • Images appear as though there is a “film” over your eye, with or without you glasses.
  • Colors seem dull, faded or washed out.
  • You require frequent changes in your eyeglass prescription.
  • You have the sensation that your glasses are always dirty, but cleaning them does not improve clarity.

What is the treatment for cataracts?

The only treatment for cataracts is cataract surgery. Cataract surgery is the most commonly performed outpatient procedure done in hospitals today. After your complete eye health exam, our doctors will let you know when the best time to have your cataracts  removed should be. If cataract surgery is necessary for you, our doctors have great relationships with some of southern Ontario’s finest cataract surgeons, and we would be happy to book your cataract consultation appointment. If you require more information regarding the details of cataract surgery, feel free to ask any one of our doctors and they will be glad to help you!

If you or someone you know has concerns about cataracts, and you live in or around the Hamilton or Burlington area, please do not hesitate to contact our office and schedule an eye exam with one of our doctors today. We are open 7 days a week with evening appointments, and would be glad to book your eye health examination to provide you with the best treatment options available to you.


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